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The Major Cities
The Major Cities and Islands - Tourist Attractions

Taipei, a city of approximately 3 million people, is a mix of exciting contemporary architecture and charming old temples and shrines. It has world class museums, restaurants with a variety of Chinese and international cuisines and fashionable shopping malls carrying all the top international brands.

A bustling cosmopolitan city by day, it becomes a pulsating exciting place by night with a myriad of cultural performances, nightclubs, karaoke bars and night markets for bargain shopping, sampling tasty snack food and much more.

Kaohsiung is Taiwan's second largest city and its largest port. It has many ancient temples, shrines and museums including the famous Heaven Temple devoted to Mazu, the Goddess of the Sea. The Confucius Temple at Zuoying is the largest Confucian Temple in the country. Its Liohe (Liuhe) Tourist Night Market is very lively and Kaohsiung is known as a place to buy international brands at very affordable prices.

Taichung, with an approximate population of one million is Taiwan's third largest city. Many educational and cultural institutions are located here including the National Museum of Science and the National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts. Its nightlife is very active with many outdoor cafes, restaurants and bars.

Hualien is Taiwan's largest east coast city. From Hualien, tourists can take a trip to nearby Taroko Gorge and to Taichung for its beautiful scenery and rugged coastline. Just south of Hualien is the Ami Culture Village where tourists can learn about the aboriginal lifestyle and its culture.

Tainan was Taiwan's capital between 1683 to 1885. It's Taiwan's oldest city and has a multitude of ancient temples, shrines and forts. Many fine examples of classical architecture can be found in Tainan, such as the northern Fujian style used in the Koxinga Shrine. Tainan is an ideal place to learn more about Taiwan's ancient culture and history.

Penghu is a 126 square kilometer archipelago consisting of 64 small islands located midway between Taiwan and the mainland. This group of islands known as Penghu is also sometimes called the "The Pescadores". Linked by bridges, its three main islands, Penghu, Baisha, and Siyu (Xiyu) are the most accessible and most visited.

Penghu's largest city is Magong, a picturesque fishing and port city where most of the population resides. On Baisha Island, tourists will find the Penghu Aquarium where they can learn about the history of fishing, modern aquaculture and walk through an undersea tunnel to see a variety of exquisitely colorful fish and other sea creatures. Siya is known for its many beautiful coves, small bays and quiet white sandy beaches. Penghu's striking unusually shaped volcanic rock formations, its well maintained colorful temples in Fujian style, its crystal clear waters and white sandy beaches make it a perfect getaway.

The 12 islands of Kinmen (also known as Quemoy) are 150.5 square kilometers in area and are situated just off the southeastern coast of mainland China’s Fujian Province. Kinmen’s attractions include some monuments and former battlefields.

Matsu is an archipelago of 36 rugged islands approximately 29 square kilometers in area and less than one kilometer from mainland China’s coast. The islands are collectively administered as Lienchiang County. The largest and most populous of these islands is Nangan. It has two harbors, Fu-ao and Matsu. Here you will find examples of northern Fujianese architecture, culture and food.

Green Island and Orchid Island, located off the Pacific coast of Taiwan are surrounded by coral reefs and a unique variety of marine life.

Located 33 kilometers east of Taiwan, Green Island is approximately 15 square kilometers. This small volcanic island with a strikingly dramatic coastline is known for its Zhaori Hot Springs, one of only three seawater hot springs in the world.

Orchid Island lies 83 kilometers off the southeast coast of Taiwan and has an area of 47 square kilometers. It is Taiwan’s second largest offshore island after Penghu. The island is inhabited by the Yami Tribe.

Turtle Island is a small volcanic island located about 10 kilometers off the coast of Toucheng in Yilan County. It looks like a turtle and is an ideal place to study volcanic terrain.

Little Liuqiu is located approximately 14 kilometers to the southwest of Donggang in Pingtung County. This is the only one of Taiwan's islands that is made of coral. It's a great place to enjoy sunsets and study coral. The island is full of unusual coral rock formations. Its inhabitants are religious and you will find many unique temples to explore.