Home -> Procedures -> Glossary of Conditions
Glossary of Conditions
Glossary of Conditions

Aneurysm
A swelling and weakening in a blood vessel wall (usually an artery). It can affect arteries in the chest, brain, legs, abdomen or heart wall. Aneurysms have a tendency to burst and hemorrhage.

Arrhythmia

Refers to a disturbance in the rhythm of the heart beat.

Arthritis
Inflammation of the joints.

Atherosclerosis (Arteriosclerosis)
A condition in which plaque (a sticky substance made up of fat, bad cholesterol or "LDL", calcium and other substances) accumulates in the lining of the arteries causing the arteries to narrow and harden.


Atrial Fibrillation
An arrhythymia in which the atria (the upper chambers of the heart) beat irregularly and very rapidly.

Cardiomyopathy
An inflammatory disorder of the heart muscle that impairs the ability of the heart to pump enough blood and also allows clots to form easily. Cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure.

Carotid Artery Disease
These arteries supply blood to the brain. If they are blocked you can suffer a stroke.

Cataract 
A cloudy or opaque area in the normally clear lens of the eye.

Cholecystitis
Inflammation of the gall bladder.

Cholelithiasis
Production of gallstones; having gallstones.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
A group of chronic conditions that result in obstruction of lung airways. Some of these conditions include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, cystic fibrosis and bronchiectasis.

Congestive Heart Failure
Refers to an inability of the heart to effectively pump enough blood.

Coronary Artery Disease
Heart disease that is caused by hardening and narrowing of the coronary arteries that provide blood to the heart. When any or all of these arteries become narrowed or blocked they cannot provide enough oxygen to the heart cells and you can suffer angina or a heart attack.

Craniofacial Deformities
Facial or cranial deformities can result from birth defects or genetic disorders, injuries including burns and cuts from accidents to the face or head, and cancers of the face, head and neck.

Dermatitis
Inflammation of the skin.

Diabetes
A disease in which your blood gluclose or sugar levels are too high. Diabetics have a problem making insulin. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas which lowers blood sugar levels. With diabetes, the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or the cells of the body have become resistant to insulin.

Endometriosis
A condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus develops outside the uterus. This internal bleeding can cause scar tissue to develop which can affect the function of the reproductive organs.

Glaucoma   
A condition in which the pressure of the fluid in the eyes is so high that it causes damage. The optic nerve that carries visual information from the eye to the brain, is damaged. Damage to the optic nerve causes loss of vision.

Glomerulonephritis
A type of kidney disease that damages the kidneys' ability to remove waste and excess fluids.

Heart Rhythym Disorder
Consists of fast heart rhythm known as tachycardia and slow heart rhythm known as bradycardia.

Hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver caused by a variety of infections as well as other causes.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Also known as malignant hepatoma cancer of the liver.

Hyperhidrosis
Frequent or constant excessive sweating. This condition usually affects the palms of the hands, soles of the feet and underarms.


Hypertension
High blood pressure

Infertility
A disease of the reproductive system that impairs the body's ability to perform the basic function of reproduction.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
A chronic inflammatory condition of the large or small intestines or the colon. It occurs in two ways:
1) Ulcerative Colitis which affects only the lining of the colon.
2) Crohn's disease is an inflammatory condition which can affect all parts of the intestine or even the entire digestive system.

Liver Abscess
Occurs when bacteria destroys liver tissue, producing a cavity which fills with infectious organisms and leukocytes. Necrotic tissue then walls off the cavity from the rest of the liver.

Liver Conditions
Any condition that affects the liver. The liver is the organ responsible for such functions as storage and filtering of blood, bile production, metabolism of fat and sugars and making compounds which control blood volumes and clotting. Liver conditions include hepatitis, cirrhosis and abscesses. Jaundice is one of the more common signs of liver problems.

Mitral Valve Prolapse
Refers to a slight deformity of the heart's mitral valve, the valve that blocks off the upper left chamber (the left atrium) from the left ventricle and prevents reverse flow. This causes valve leakage and produces a heart murmur.

Multiple Myeloma
A type of blood cancer that begins in bone marrow.

Myocardial Infarction
Necrosis of a part of the myocardium caused by an interruption in the supply of blood to the heart, usually caused by the closing of a coronary artery.

Myocarditis
Inflammation of the heart muscle.

Osteoarthritis
Also known as degenerative joint disease as it is characterized by joint degeneration and loss of cartilage (type of connective tissue that acts as a shock absorber at joint connections).

Osteoporosis
Refers to excessive bone loss. This loss is generally in the spine, hips and ribs.

Ovulation Dysfunction
A woman's reproductive system does not produce enough hormones in order to develop and release a healthy egg.

Parkinsons's Disease
A slowly progressive, degenerating nervous system disease marked by shaking, a mask-like facial expression, a shuffling walk, muscle rigidity and weakness.

Periodontal Disease
Inflammatory condition of the gums (gingivitis) and/or supporting structures (periodontitis). Periodontal disease may be related to such underlying conditions as diabetes, collagen diseases, anemia, leukemia and heart disease.

Polyps
Result from uncontrolled cell growth in the upper epithelium. They can be caused by heredity, age, infection and diet.

Pulmonary Embolism
A clot or other substance which causes a clog in a lung or artery.

Retinal Detachment
Separation of the retina from the choroid. If untreated this condition can cause loss of vision.

Rheumatoid Arthritis
A chronic inflammatory condition that affects the entire body, but especially the joints.

Spinal Stenosis
A condition in which the spinal canal narrows and compresses the spinal cord and nerves. Spinal stenosis can be caused by aging, osteoporosis, spinal disc herniation, a tumor or a congenital condition. 

Tumor
A swelling which can either be benign or malignant (cancerous).

Uropathy
Any disorder involving the urinary tract.

Valvular Heart Disease
This heart condition can be caused by endocarditis, congenital defects and inflammation. With this disease three types of disruption can occur: stenosis or narrowing of the valve opening; incomplete closure of the valve; and prolapse of the valve.

Vasculitis

Inflammation of blood vessels.

Ventricular Tachycardia
The heart beat is too fast.